Egypt’s Biennial Update Report (BUR)
BURs are reports to be submitted by non-Annex I Parties, containing updates of national Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventories, including a national inventory report and information on mitigation actions, needs and support received. Such reports provide updates on actions undertaken by a Party to implement the Convention, including the status of its GHG emissions and removals by sinks, as well as on the actions to reduce emissions or enhance sinks.
The scope of the BURs is to provide an update of the most recently submitted national communication and to provide additional information in relation to mitigation actions taken or envisaged to undertake and their effects as well as support needed and received.
Egypt ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1994 as a member of non-Annex I Parties. Egypt signed the Paris Agreement in April 2015 and the Parliament ratified the agreement in June 2017, and lately it has submitted its First Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the UNFCCC in 2019.
According to Egypt’s First BUR, Egypt’s GHG emissions for 2015 totaled 325,614 Gg CO2e. The breakdown by gas is 237,871 Gg CO2e from CO2 emissions, 41,483 Gg CO2e. from CH4 emissions, and 38,574 Gg CO2e. from N2O emissions. Total GHG emissions have increased by 31% from 2005 to 2015 with an average annual growth rate of 2.35%. GHG emissions from the Energy, IPPU and Waste sectors have increased by 40%, 49%, and 34% respectively; while the emissions from the AFOLU sector have decreased by 7% over the same period.
Dr. Ehab Shalaby, leading DCarbon expert, has proudly participated in the preparation of Egypt’s BUR. As a consultant, he worked on Mitigation Actions and Policies to mitigate anthropogenic emissions in Egypt by sources and removals by sinks of all GHGs not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, covering energy, industry, waste, agriculture and other land use, and cross cutting sectors.