Intended nationally determined contributions (INDC)

Intended nationally determined contributions (INDC)

Intended nationally determined contributions (INDC) are (intended) reductions in greenhouse gas emissions under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), at which all countries who signed the UNFCCC were asked to publish their INDCs at the 2013 United Nations Climate Change Conference held in November 2013.

Egypt has submitted its INDC to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015, showing steps taken towards emissions reductions and its aim to address steps taken to adapt to climate change impacts, and what support Egypt needs, or will provide, to address climate change.

The INDCs combine the top-down system of a United Nations climate agreement with bottom-up system-in elements through which countries put forward their agreements in the context of their own national circumstances, capabilities, and priorities, with the goal of reducing global greenhouse gas emissions enough to keep global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius.

Dr. Ehab Shalaby, DCarbon’s leading expert, was a member of the National team of Consultants on developing the technical background report of Egypt’s INDCs. Under the auspices of the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, the UNDP, and the LECB, Dr. Shalaby compiled 3 out of 7 information segments in Egypt’s technical background report. The information segments include Climate Change Economy, Cross-cutting issues (National Circumstances and National Development Goals), and Means of implementation (technology, finance, and capacity building).

Key deliverables included Technical background report on corresponding sections, Summary report on the relevant section/s, Technical backstopping along the development of the INDCs until submission date of the key deliverables, summary report on the relevant sections, report to UNFCCC Secretariat Presentations, documentation and the final presentation.