GHG Inventory Measurement and
Management Plans

Overview of Greenhouse Gases

Gases that trap heat in the atmosphere are called greenhouse gases. This section provides information on emissions and removals of the main greenhouse gases to and from the atmosphere. For more information on the science of climate change and other climate forcers, such as black carbon,

At the global scale, the key greenhouse gases emitted by human activities are: – see chart

Source: IPCC (2014)  based on global emissions from 2010. Details about the sources included in these estimates can be found in the Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


Inventory Measurement
& Management Plans

Our team had the honor of participating in preparing
and delivering Egypt’s first Intended National
Determined Contributions (INDCs) Technical
Background Report to the United Nations Convention
on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which constituted
Egyptian contribution to GHG reduction under the Paris
agreement 2015. In addition, our team is a part of the
Egyptian national team of experts working on Egypt’s
national biennial updated report on GHG (BUR).

We assist organizations to develop their GHG inventory
measurement and management plans. We Develop,
manage, audit and publish GHG inventory measurement
and management plan reports that is consistent with
the principles and guidance of the United Nation
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),
and the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate change
(IPCC), the World Resources Institute (WRI) the World
Business Council for Sustainable Development’s
(WBCSD) and Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative (GHG

Carbon Footprint

Household Carbon Footprint Calculator

Many of our daily activities cause emissions of greenhouse gases. For example, we produce greenhouse gas emissions from burning gasoline when we drive, burning oil or gas for home heating, or using electricity generated from coal, natural gas, and oil. Greenhouse gas emissions vary among individuals depending on a person’s location, habits, and personal choices. For example:

  • The quantity of greenhouse gas emissions from your home electricity use depends on the types of fuel your power plant uses to generate the electricity and the amount you use.
  • The quantity of greenhouse gases emitted from your furnace and boiler depends on the efficiency of these items, the size and insulation of your house, and the amount and type of fuel used.
  • The quantity of emissions from your car or truck depends on how much you drive, what your vehicle’s fuel efficiency is, and how you drive (e.g., the amount of time spent idling in traffic).
  • In addition, the more recycling you do will reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills, as well as the greenhouse gas emissions that result from processing of raw materials

Scope of Emissions

What are scope 3 emissions?

Greenhouse gas emissions are categorized into three groups or ‘scopes’ by the most widely-used international accounting tool, the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol. While scope 1 and 2 cover direct emissions sources (e.g., fuel used in company vehicles and purchased electricity), scope 3 emissions cover all indirect emissions due to the activities of an organization.  These include emissions from both suppliers and consumers, as shown in the next:

Scope 1

Fuel combustion
Company vehicles
Fugitive emissions

Scope 2

Purchased electricity, heat and steam

Scope 3

  • Purchased goods and services
  • Business travel
  • Employee Commuting
  • Waste disposal
  • Use of sold products
  • Transportation and distribution (up- and downstream)
  • Investments
  • Leased assets and franchises


DCarbon Egypt

DCarbon is an Egyptian joint stock
company, Incorporated under the law no
159 for the year 1981 and its executive
regulation, located in Cairo, Egypt, and is a
subsidiary RIS2C (Reliable Integrated
Sustainable Solutions Company).

DCarbon is a pioneer in cooperating with and
assisting the public and private sectors,
international organizations (IOs) as well as civil
society organizations (CSOs) and universities
understand and address their impact on
sustainable development and climate change.
DCarbon was able to expand its network among
all stakeholders and is a member of the GRI
Gold community as well as a certified training
partner to the Global reporting initiative (GRI)..

It is our belief that through the commitment to
National and International policies, corporate
integrity and transparency we, with our
stakeholders, can maximize organizational
profitability through growing organizational
value. Our team of experts has been providing
consultations and training on sustainable
development and climate change throughout
Egypt and the MENA, for public and private
sectors, international organizations, and CSOs.




  • Villa 78, Road 282 From
    Laselki St. Maadi,
    Cairo, Egypt


  • +201022999786
  • +01060122226
  • +01000144351
  • +20225192513